The Kenyan maritime sector is governed by both international and national rules and regulations. These laws mainly provide for registration of ships, piracy, prevention of pollution, wreck and salvage, safety of cargoes, insurance claims, fishing, personal injuries on board of vessel, prevention of collisions, etc.
The maritime sector is under the State department, Maritime Safety and Transport in the Ministry of Transport, Infrastructure, Housing and Urban Development which is mandated to formulate maritime transport and shipping policies, monitoring port development and facilities improvement and ratification of International Maritime conventions and maritime related agreements.
The legal framework of the maritime sector in Kenya is made up of the following laws; –
- The Constitution
- The Merchant Shipping Act, 2009.
- The Kenya Maritime Authority Act.
- The Kenya Ports Authority Act (Cap 391)
- Maritime Zones Act (CAP 371)
- Maritime Insurance Act (Cap 390)
- The Ferries Act (Cap 410)
- The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act Cap.392.
- The Environment Management and Coordination Act